News

Recruiting ex-offenders - James Timpson Lecture

James Timpson lecture

The Howard League Scotland was delighted to welcome James Timpson of his eponymous family business Timpsons, to speak about why he is such a passionate advocate of employing people with a criminal conviction. What followed was a riveting talk with one major point, hiring people is fundamentally about personality, not about the past. He has been willing to give people a chance, with the results that he has developed a strong ethos of work and comaraderie among the Timpson staff, and, moreover, created a thriving business. 

Here is a round-up of some of the facts and figures which highlights that is a beneficial programme for both employee and employer:

  • 10% of workforce recruited direct from prisons
  • Recruits from a third of the prison population 
  • 13 shops run by those released on temporary licence
  • Retention rate of 80% after 12 months for those recruited from prison (same as retention rate for employees recruited from general population)
  • Retention rate of 92% after 12 months for those on the Release On Temporary Licence (ROTL) scheme
  • Retention rate highest among female ex-prisoners

 

Read More

 

Prison Visiting Committee Reform

Public Services Reform (Prison Visiting Committees) (Scotland) Order 2014

Written submission from the Howard League for Penal Reform in Scotland

1. We welcome the opportunity to comment upon the Public Services Reform (Prison Visiting Committees) (Scotland) Order 2014.

2. Howard League Scotland welcomes the Scottish Government’s renewed commitment to the continuation of independent monitoring of penal establishments in Scotland.

3. The monitoring of prisons is a vital function that provides real time, regular scrutiny of our prisons and constitutes an essential element of our obligations as signatories to the UN Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture (OPCAT).

4. It seems likely that the new arrangements will meet the minimum requirements of OPCAT. However, we believe it should be possible to improve upon the proposed arrangements as set out in the parliamentary order. We hope that the Scottish Government will take heed of the Justice Committee’s recent report on the draft parliamentary order.
5. Howard League Scotland was not an advocate of according oversight of the monitoring function to Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons in Scotland (HMIPS). Our main objections to this oversight option were two-fold. Firstly, we were concerned about the blurring of the distinction between the inspection and monitoring functions. Secondly, we were concerned that this arrangement did not adhere to the ideal of ‘layered monitoring’ recommended by the National Preventative Mechanism (NPM).

6. However, we accept that there are potential benefits to according oversight to HMIPS in terms of consistency of approach and the ability of the inspection and monitoring functions to inform each other.

7. There is no question that HMIPS must be provided with extra resource to carry out this oversight function. However, we consider that it may well be confusing and unhelpful if this function were to be carried out as proposed. We see no need for the three ‘paid monitors’. Indeed, the creation of two types of independent monitor (referred to as ‘paid monitors’ and ‘lay monitors’ in the order) did not form part of Professor Coyle’s recommendations. Indeed, in his review (paragraph 74), he stated that if his recommended model were accepted “there would be no need for the four salaried monitors”.

8. The vision for independent monitoring as conceived in the parliamentary order is one of a more hierarchical structure than exists at present. This is evident in the language used regarding the relationship between the ‘paid monitors’ and ‘lay monitors’. For example, the order states that the ‘lay monitors’ must “assist” the ‘paid monitors’ and “comply with any instructions” issued by the ‘paid monitor’.

9. The benefits of this extra layer of bureaucracy are far from clear and are also likely to be confusing for prisoners, given that the duties of the two types of monitor differ as set out in the order. For instance, the order states that only ‘lay monitors’ can investigate a prisoner’s complaint.

10. Howard League Scotland therefore proposes that the extra resource accorded to HMIPS would be better utilised to employ one or two members of staff to coordinate and support the work of the lay monitors, rather than direct them in their monitoring duties.

11. This proposal would seem to be in keeping with a recent response by the Cabinet Secretary for Justice to a parliamentary question from Malcolm Chisholm MSP, in which the Cabinet Secretary advised Parliament that the paid monitors “will perform a secretariat function”:

“The paid monitors will perform a secretariat function, which will ensure that the system of independent monitoring is robust, accountable and consistent throughout Scotland…I believe that our proposals will ensure that lay monitors will be enhanced by a professional secretariat under the auspices of HM inspector of prisons.”
(S4O-02708, 12 December 2013)

12. We suggest that the mechanism recently put in place to oversee the work of independent custody visitors could provide a useful model. Based within the Scottish Police Authority, one national and three regional coordinators oversee and provide administrative support to around 150 independent custody visitors across Scotland. Full details of the scheme can be found here: http://www.spa.police.uk/assets/126884/135005/item-05-custody-visiting

13. There must, of course, be sufficient numbers of ‘lay monitors’ to be able to carry out their monitoring duties. No minimum number of ‘lay monitors’ is specified within the order, nor is there any reference to the expected frequency of their visits. Professor Coyle referred to this matter directly in his review (paragraph 55). The Independent Monitoring Implementation Group is currently considering how best to calculate an appropriate number of ‘lay monitors’ and Howard League Scotland will continue to contribute to that discussion.

14. On a related note, whilst we understand the need to seek the views of the Scottish Prison Service on this matter, it is not appropriate for the SPS – as the scrutinised state party – to have a role in determining the level of scrutiny it is subjected to by the independent prison monitors.

15. Howard League Scotland will continue to argue in favour of the four recommendations in the Coyle review that the Scottish Government referred for consideration to the Independent Monitoring Implementation Group:

o Recommendation 7 - Monitors should be appointed under an open public appointments system for specified periods.

o Recommendation 13 - The monitors for each prison should elect a chairperson and to meet as a group in the prison at least every two months.

o Recommendation 14 - Arrangements should be made for appointing a paid clerk to take the minutes of each meeting of the independent prison monitors and to assist in administrative matters including preparing the annual report and any other reports as necessary. Monitors should have appropriate accommodation and other facilities.

o Recommendation 15 - Provision should be made for a Council of Independent Prison Monitors to include one monitor from each prison. The Council should agree protocols for, among other matters, recruitment, appointment and training of independent monitors as well as a format for annual reports.

16. We consider that these recommendations should be dealt with in the Order.

Howard League Scotland
30 January 2014

Scottish Prison Population 3rd January 2014

 

According to the latest figures there were 7759 people in prison across Scotland at the begining of January 2014

  • 5423 Sentenced Male Adults
  • 1144 Untried Male Adults
  • 349 Sentenced Male Young Offenders
  • 278 Sentenced Female Adults
  • 235 Convicted Prisoners Awaiting Sentencing
  • 130 Untried Male Young Offenders
  • 82 Untried Female Adults
  • 81 Recalled Life Prisoners
  • 15 Sentenced Female Young Offenders
  • 12 Prisoners Awaiting Deportation
  • 10 Untried Female Young Offenders

 

Source: Scottish Prison Service

Prison Policy in the News

The need for penal reform in Scotland appeared on the front page of The Herald this week as Lord Carloway highlighted the high rate of Scottish imprisonment. Engaging in this public debate, The Howard League Scotland sent a letter of response which was published on the 18th of January, which read:

Scotland should have a great sense of hope and almost relief that at last a judge has come out publicly with what is needed to be said about sentencing. Those of us in The Howard League for Penal Reform in Scotland (HLS) are hugely heartened by the front page splash in The Herald of 14 January headed “Carloway: we need culture shift in prison sentencing”. We all need this culture shift to meet the needs of victims and offenders (remembering too that individuals can at different times be victim or offender), to make Scotland a safer place.

Imprisonment does not make one less likely to reoffend on release, quite the opposite-despite the best efforts of our prison service. Whatever good work is done in prisons can be negated by the difficulties experienced on release. The same work with offenders is more effectively done in the community-but of course it does need to be available and adequately resourced. Scotland locks up a disproportionate high number compared with other countries and too many prisoners are poor and vulnerable, have disadvantaged backgrounds and mental health or other issues. All of this is well supported by research and those who work in criminal justice and by those in wider society with knowledge and understanding of Scotland’s penal policy and practice.

To make a culture shift it is essential that the judiciary are on side with and preferably driving the change, as was the case in Finland when that country decided to substantially reduce its prison population twenty or more years ago. They did this successfully and with no adverse impact on offending rates. It is, therefore, the most promising indication of the possibility of change ever seen in Scotland, to have Lord Carloway recognise all the above, as the article says “it would be hard to disagree with the “generality” that the prison population is too high and that in some instances the wrong people are behind bars.” This is especially the case when crime is at a 39-year low.”

Lord Carloway’s statement will be welcomed by thoughtful and creative judges who seek to use their discretion in innovative ways to ensure they mainly hand down effective community sentences which are the most likely to reduce recidivism. Those judges, and let us assume it will be the vast majority, will want the opportunity Lord Carloway promises to learn more about current evidence in the field of criminology, potentially ground breaking transformation currently being promoted within Scottish prisons, and the programmes available for offenders within community sentences. It would be shocking if any judge did not want to be “up to speed on modern thinking and practice” and to “refresh their ideas of what is available in terms of practice”.

Many judges, of course, are already up to speed on this and are hindered in progressive, effective sentencing by the lack of, or patchy nature of, community sentences facilities. The culture change must include a shift from investing in prison buildings to the more cost-effective early intervention, restorative justice and other justice work in the community.

Read Further: Carloway: We need culture shift in prison sentencing

Women Offenders

Howard League Scotland supported the findings and recommendations of the Commission for Women Offenders’ report published in April 2012, the majority of which were accepted by the Scottish Government. The Cabinet Secretary for Justice made his second annual report to the Scottish Parliament on progress to date. His report can be found here.

Howard League Scotland provided evidence to the Justice Committee expressing concern that the Scottish Government does not intend to reduce the capacity of the female prison estate and that this is likely to militate against greater use of community-based disposals for women. Our submission can be read here.

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